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STD Symptoms

Woman holding her groin

If you're sexually active, it's important to understand the symptoms of STDs and STIs. Also known as "sexually transmitted infections", these medical conditions may be dangerous if left untreated. They don't only affect your current physical health, but can also hinder your future fertility and sexual virility. Below, we'll tell you a list of the top STIs and STDs, along with their most common symptoms.

Chlamydia 

The symptoms of chlamydia between men and women are different. Women may notice unusual vaginal discharge with a possible odor, as well as itching and burning around the affected area. Painful periods, or irregular bleeding during the menstrual cycle, can also occur. Other symptoms include pain during sex and/or urination. For men affected by chlamydia, the symptoms can include: painful urination, swollen testicles, and burning and itching at the penile head. There may also be clear or cloudy discharge, coming from the penis' opening.

Gonorrhea

Even after the infection occurs, gonorrhea’s symptoms often take several weeks to become noticeable. In both genders, the main symptom of gonorrhea is often genital discharge, which can be either cloudy, creamy, or colored. Persistent and painful urination, swollen genitals, and a sore throat are also common. Women may also experience pain while having intercourse, and discomfort during menstruation.

Hepatitis A, B, and C 

The symptoms for hepatitis A, B, and C are very similar. They also may not appear for several weeks, or even a few months, after the infection is contracted. Hepatitis A, B, and C's core symptoms include: abdominal pain, dark urine, abnormal stool, fever, jaundice, loss of appetite, and nausea and vomiting.

Genital and Oral Herpes 

Both genital and oral herpes are attributed to the herpes simplex virus (HSV). They also carry similar characteristics. Both types of herpes can be asymptomatic, or they will produce painful, blistering sores on the genitals or around the mouth. Fevers and swollen lymph nodes are also common symptoms.

HIV 1 and HIV 2 

HIV 1 and H1V 2 are very similar in terms of their symptoms, however HIV 1 moves more quickly and its effects are often more severe. Early signs of HIV 1 and 2 are flu-like symptoms, which often develop into skin rashes, sores, and swollen glands. As HIV advances, the disease may turn into AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), due to the immune system breaking down.

Syphilis 

Syphilis' symptoms arrive in three stages for both men and women. For the first stage, a painless sore (chancre) grows on the genital area. This chancre will heal by itself in 3-6 weeks, but the syphilis is still very active. Lymph node swelling may also occur. After two to 12 weeks, syphilis will enter its second stage, which is characterized by a rash. This rash can cause open, pus-filled sores. By two months, these skin symptoms will also clear up.

After that, syphilis enters its third and most severe stage. This stage begins with an overall feeling of being unwell, including fever, weakness, and nervous system abnormalities. If the illness is still untreated, these symptoms can lapse into serious blood and heart issues, blindness, gummata sores, mental disorders, and even death.

Conclusion

If you have symptoms of a possible STI or STD, call your doctor immediately. To safeguard your sexual health, remember to always practice safe sex and make appointments for regular gynecological exams.

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Disclaimer: Articles not intended to Diagnose, Treat, Cure or Prevent Diseases.