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Chlamydia Infection

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Chlamydia Symptoms, Transmission, Testing & Treatment

By STD Concern

Chlamydia is a highly contagious STD (Sexually Transmitted Disease). It is a bacterial infection called "chlamydia trachomatis" and can be treated and cured with antibiotics. It's a very common STI, especially amongst 14-24 year old's. 

It is spread by vaginal fluids and semen, this infection can affect the genitals, cervix, anus, urethra, throat and eyes.

Chlamydia Symptoms

The symptoms of chlamydia between men and women are different but are both spread through vaginal, oral and anal sex. Chlamydia is often symptomless.

Symptoms for Women

  • Vaginal discharge with a possible odor.
  • Itching and burning around the affected area.
  • Painful periods, or irregular bleeding during the menstrual cycle.
  • Pain during sex or urination. 

Symptoms for Men

  • Painful urination.
  • Swollen testicles.
  • Burning and itching at the penile head.
  • Clear or cloudy discharge, coming from the penis opening.

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Note: You can avoid complications if your STD is detected and treated.

Untreated Chlamydia

If left untreated it can cause more serious problems like damaging a woman's reproductive system, which will make getting pregnant for difficult.

It can also pass from infected Mother to Baby during childbirth. Women who have Chlamydia, have a higher chance of contracting the HIV virus if exposed.

Undiagnosed and untreated Chlamydia can also lead to PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease) which can cause Pelvic Pain, infertility and more.

Can your Body Heal itself of Chlamydia?

Your body can't rid itself of Chlamydia on its own (1). That is why you will need an antibiotic as soon as possible to avoid complications because most people’s immune system won’t cure this disease. In order to get an antibiotic you need a Doctor's prescription, which requires being tested first.

Transmission Rate

Worldwide transmission of this disease is 2.7% of Men and 4.2% of Women are infected, in the United States its about 1.4 million cases in 2014. Chlamydia causes 250K to 500K cases of PID in USA. PID is short for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease and can take up to 3 weeks to develop. PID can cause irreversible damage to reproductive system.

Chlamydia Testing

Because some STDs have no or similar symptoms with other STIs it is best to get tested for more than 1 STD. A test for one STD is good if your sexual partner has tested positive for that STD or your pretty sure your symptoms are related to that STD.

1. Chlamydia Test At-Home

2. Chlamydia Testing Near Me

Chlamydia Treatments

Since chlamydia is a bacterial infection, it's easily treated with an antibiotic. Doctors most frequently prescribe doxycycline or azithromycin (Zithromax). Treatment should clear up the infection entirely in 1 to 2 weeks, at the very most. You should refrain from sex for at least 7 days when taking antibiotics. 


To avoid being infected practice safe sex which includes using condoms and not engaging in sex with an infected person. If you have any of these symptoms you should be tested ASAP (as soon as possible) and sexual partners, be contacted.


  1. 7 Myths about Chlamydia - - Retrieved Jan 8, 2019


Chlamydia - CDC Fact Sheet – Retrieved July 20, 2018


In order to receive proper treatment, "testing is required".



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Disclaimer: Articles not intended to Diagnose, Treat, Cure or Prevent Diseases.

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